Zero Point Energy

Zero Point Energy Module

A Fuel Cell is composed of common elements.  The Planetary Encyclopedia Wikipedia said there were 23 types of fuel cells all directed at power.

A lot of people are still in the dark because of the weather.  A back up alternative and/or remote portable generator power source was one alternative to the Dark Side but there’s another alternative with Research & Development.

Common Fuel and Oxidizing Agents exists in alkaline and electric storage types; mainly Hydrogen and Oxygen.  How about other common sources like Natural Gas and Chlorine or any of the other halogens?!?

What the Scientists Said

Sir Oliver Lodge (1851-1940) the radio pioneer, said further, " . . . the amount of atomic energy stored in one ounce of chlorine could keep a transatlantic steamer going full speed for a week !! The explosion of a few pounds of material could be enough to shatter a continent !!  Radium, a most concentrated source of energy, was found to break up atoms from x-ray use.  The ATOM breaks up of its own accord over thousands of years, shooting off the fragments at speeds which make a rifle bullet a snail in comparison.  A radium is like a two-ton gun firing a 100 pound shot, recoiling similar to uranium which fires off 4 such projectiles in order to become radium.  The alpha particle of helium is fired off at the speed of 10,000 miles a second, producing heat.  The beta particle was found to be an electron, the fundamental unit of electricity and seen to repel each other.  An atom is a miniature solar system; the sun being the central positive nucleus and the revolving system like planets.  Electrons travel at the speed of light- 186,000 miles a second. 

(Popular Science 1920's)

The speed of light converted to metric was 300,000 kilometers per second as the ultimate speed limit; until you add energy to make it go even faster.  One percent of the speed of light was 2,200 km/sec. which would get it around the Earth in 18 seconds.

Too Much Energy, You Say !!

Zero-point energy or ground state energy was the lowest possible energy that a quantum mechanical system could have.  Unlike in classical mechanics, quantum systems constantly fluctuated in their lowest energy state; due to the Heisenberg uncertainty principle.  As well as atoms and molecules, the empty space of the vacuum has these unique properties.  According to Quantum Field Theory, the universe can be thought of not as isolated particles but with continuous fluctuating fields: matter fields, whose quanta are fermions and force fields, whose quanta are bosons.  All these fields have zero-point energy.  These fluctuating zero-point fields lead to a kind of reintroduction of an aether in physics, since some systems can detect the existence of this energy.  However this aether is not referred to as a physical medium, if it is to be the Lorentz invariant; such that there is no contradiction with Einstein‘s theory of special relativity.

( source: Wikipedia )

Information Particle Physics puts aside all these great scientists of the past and tests another theory in Quantum.

Used by NASA and the military,  the government research created an open public domain on fuel cell research showing them to be faster to refuel, more energy efficient and pollution free.

A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through an electrochemical reaction of hydrogen-containing fuel with oxygen or another oxidizing agent. Fuel cells can produce electricity continuously for as long as fuel and oxygen ( or another oxidizing agent ) are supplied.

Scheme of a proton-conducting fuel cell -Wikipedia
Earlier Comparison
    • Newton’s third law of motion says, to every action there is an equal and contrary reaction or the two actions are equal and contrary reaction.
    • In a rocket, the small mass and great velocity of the discharged explosive mixture of hydrogen and oxygen are equal to the larger mass and smaller velocity of the rocket.
    • We can create breathable air by driving stale air through limewater and heating potassium chlorate to liberate oxygen from the chemical combination.
What’s Going On Here?
Fuel is fed into the cell and broken into positive hydrogen atoms and negative electrons useful for energy.   The hydrogen atom weighs nearly 2000 times as much as the negative charged electron leaving the difference in the proton;  meaning it has the same charge as the electron but is smaller. One can refer to the electromagnetic theory of mass.  When air is mixed with the fuel, in this case hydrogen, the atoms are reformed into water.  In summary, the proton-conducting fuel cell uses the most abundant element in the universe hydrogen; on Earth it comprises about 13% before purification.  Hydrogen blends with the second most commonest element on Earth – Oxygen.  The only pollutant is pure water, clean and useful.  A Circle Logic in the making.
Tell Me More
In science fiction, ancient earth technology said a submerged covered island with aerospace capabilities should welcome the hybrid technology of a modified fuel cell; if only as a secondary source of perpetual energy.
2017-10-26 The first interstellar object named A/2017U1 just shot through our solar system on its way to the Pegasus System; moving very fast.  Might be an Asguard starship on a rescue mission!!
A/2017 U1 is most likely of interstellar origin.
This animation shows the path of A/2017 U1, which is an asteroid — or perhaps a comet — as it passed through our inner solar system in September and October 2017.  From analysis of its motion, scientists calculate that it probably originated from outside of our solar system.
A short story was published in Analog Magazine in 1963 that might explain the fuel cell concept better:
The following is a short review of the finer points from his open domain contribution to chemistry.

A man will always be willing to buy something he wants and believes in, even if it is impossible, rather than something he believes is possible.  So . . . sell him what he thinks he wants!

Hydrogen Fusion . . .

The examiner drew a symbolic electronic circuit.  Somewhere in the circuit, instead of drawing the component that is supposed to be there, he drew a Little Black Box.  Then he defined the wave-form, voltage, and amperage entering the circuit and defined whatever was coming out.  The million dollar question:  What was in the Little Black Box?

Except in the simplest of cases, there was never an absolute answer.  The question was counted as correct if the student puts into the Little Black Box a component or sub-circuit which produced the effect desired.  The value of the answer depended on the simplicity and relative controllability of the component drawn in the place of the Little Black Box.  From the top of the Black Suitcase projected two one-inch copper electrodes, fourteen inches apart.  In the mysterious black suitcase was a small pressure tank of hydrogen inside—one of the little ones that are sometimes used to fill toy balloons. There was a small batch of electronic circuitry that looked as though it might be the insides of an FM-AM radio.  All of the rest of the space was taken up by batteries and every single one of the cells was a familiar little canister.  They were small, rechargeable nickel-cadmium or lithium-cobalt cells.  Is it some kind of hydrogen fuel cell?  Does it get its power by converting hydrogen to helium?

Batteries were needed to start the thing.  After it got going, those leads there from the reactor cell kept the batteries charged.  One of the technicians began flipping other switches, and a bank of ordinary incandescent light bulbs came on, four at a time.  Finally there were one hundred of them burning, each one a hundred-watt bulb that glowed brightly but did not appear to be contributing much to the general brightness of the desert sun.  The technicians checked their recording voltmeters and ammeters and reported that, sure enough, some ten kilowatts of power at a little less than one hundred fifteen volts D.C. was coming from the Black Suitcase.

Battery-making is an art, not a science.  You don’t just stick a couple of electrodes into a solution of electrolyte and consider that your work is done.  With the same two metals and the same electrolyte, you could make batteries that would run the gamut from terrible to excellent.  Some of ’em, maybe, wouldn’t hold a charge more than an hour, while others would have a shelf-life, fully charged, of as much as a year.  Batteries don’t work according to theory.  If they did, potassium chlorate would be a better depolarizer than manganese dioxide, instead of the other way around.  What you get out of a voltaic cell depends on the composition and strength of the electrolyte, the kind of depolarizer used, the shape of the electrodes, the kind of surface they have, their arrangement and spacing, and a hundred other little things too numerous to mention.

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Author: Rodney

Currently, I am working as a city security guard while attending college part-time. My studies included the Liberal Arts, Computer Integration and General Law. External courses include this course on web page development, a digital MBA and Venture Capitalist course. Just trying to keep busy and staying out of trouble.